BASIC FEATURES OF SARVA SHIKSA ABHIYAN.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is an effort to universalize elementary education by community ownership of the school system. It is in response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country. The SSA programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children, through provision of community-owned quality education in a Mission mode.
1.2 WHAT IS SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN?
a. A progremme with a clear time frame for universal elementary education.
b. A response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country.
c. An opportunity for promoting social justice through basic education.
d. An effort at effectively involving the Panchayati Raj Institutions. School Management Committees, Village and Urban Slum level Education Committees, Parents Teachers Associations, Mother Teachers Associations, tribal Autonomous Councils and other grass root level structures in the management of elementary schools.
e. An expression of political will for universal elementary education across the country.
f. A partenership between the central, state and the local government.
g. An opprotuity for states to develop their own vision of elementary education.
1.3 AIMS OF SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN
1.3.1 The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is to provide useful and relevant elementary education for all children in the 6 to 14 age group by 2010. There is also another goal to bridge social, regional and gender gaps, with the active participation of the community in the management of schools.
1.4 MISSION STATEMENT OF SARVA SHIKSHA ABIYAN
1.4.1 The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Mission strives to secure the right to quality basic education for all children in the 6-14 years age group. The goals of the SSA Mission are:
a) Enrolment of all children in School, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternative School, Back to School camp by 2005.
b) Retention of all children till the upper primary stage by 2010.
c) Bridging of gender and social category gaps in enrolment, retention and learning.
d) Ensuring that there is significant enhancement in the learning achievement levels of children at the primary and upper primary stage.
1.4.2 Each State and district would set target dates by which the super goals of SSA would be achieved in their specific context, but not later than 2010.
1.4.3 National Norms would be developed for expected learning out comes in certain essential skills. The progress towards enhancement in achievement levels on these norms would be assessed regularly on a sample basis at national level. In addition, States would evolve a mechanism for regular objective assessment of students learning level.
1.4.4 The Mission Promotes.
a) Empowering of children to be active participants in a knowledge society.
b) A result orientated approach with accountability towards performance and out put at all levels.
c) A people centrered mode of implementation of educational interventions with involvement of all stake holders, especially teachers, parents, community ad panchayati Raj Institutions and voluntary organizations.
d) An equity based approach that focuses on the needs of educationally backward areas and disadvantaged social groups including children with special needs.
e) A holistic effort to ensure convergence of investments and initiatives for improving the efficiency of the elementary education system.
f) Institutional reforms and capacity building to ensure a sustained effort for UEE.
1.5. SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN AS A FRAMEWORK AND AS A PROGRAMME.
1.5.1 Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan(SSA) has two aspects.
i) It provides a wide convergent framework for implementation of Elementary Education schemes.
ii) It is also a programme with budget provision for strengthening vital areas to achieve universalisation of elementary education.