Temples

 

Due to rich cultural heritage & spiritual height Dhenkanal is dotted with innumerable temples, maths (abbeys) dating back to ancient times. All the branches of Brahmanism like Saivism, Baishnavism, Shaktism , and other minor sects have plenty of their holyplaces.

A)Saiva Temples:
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   Kapilash Temple : It is situated in the north east corner of Dhenkanal town at a distance of 26 Km from the district head quarters. The temples is situated in about 2239 feet from the sea level. The temple is 60 feet in height .There are two approaches for the temple. One is through climbing 1352 steps and the other is ‘Barabanki’ or the travel twisting way. Narasinghdeva-I constructed the temple for Sri Chandrasekhar in 1246AD indicated in the Kapilas temples inscription .In the left side ‘Payamruta kunda’and in the right side ‘Marichi kunda’ exists. The temple has a wooden Jagamohana. Sri Ganesh,Kartikeya,Gangadevi, etc are found in the temple. Patita pavana Jaganath also remain in the temple as ‘Parsva deva’. Lord Biswanath temple is also situated in Kapilash .According to some scholars this temple is older than the Chandrasekahr jew temple, hence it is known as ‘Budha linga’. There are many legends about Kapilash pitha and its significance.History says it was the ashram of Kapila muni,to some scholars it is the second Kailash of Lord Siva.Sridhar Swami who wrote commentary on Srimad Bhagavatham stayed there. There are some monastries in the premises.Lord chandra sekhara worshipped by the chintapatis in 36 Niyogas.

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Naganatheswar Temple : This temple belongs to sri sri Naganatheswar shiva,situated at village’Nagena’ about 20 Km from Dhenkanal. It is the most ancient saiva temple and was constructed during the region of the Keshari dynasty. According to scholars Pandit Nagendranath Mohapatras’ Naganath satakam it is one of the 12 yotir lingas. In the stotras of the ‘Awashyotirlinga’ one of the yotirlinga is in the Daruka-Vana or Neem forest. The neem forest is still there in the premises.Even Harisingh Vidyadhar who occupied the Dhenkanal fragmental temple for the darshan of Lord Naganath. The sloka of Dwadasha yotirlinga says that Naganath temple is situated in the southern most part of Anga Kingdom. It shows that some times in history that part Kalinga touched Anga border.However, near it there is a debri of a fort which is still un-identified. Here river Brahmani turns to north which is as holy as the Gangas.

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Astasambhu Temple : Kualo or Karmula was the ancient capital of Dhenkanal. Kualo is situated in north of Dhenkanal town at a distance of 32 Km on the right side of river Brahmani. The kingdom was ruled by the shulki kings who hold ‘stamba’epithets. They were the feudatories of the Bahmukar kings.Their futiler deity was Lord Shiva. Hence we see eight siva temples at Kualo known as ‘Ashta Sambhu’. These eight shiva lingas are known as – Kanakeswar , swapneswar, Aisneswar, Kapileswar, Baidyanatheswar, Bane and Lokanatheswar.

Sri kanakeswar : It is one of the Ashta shambhu siva and situated near Ramachandi temple.

 

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Sri Annakoteswar :

Situated at Latadeipur. The significance of this shiva-linga is that it grooms in the bright fortnight and reduces on the dark half.

 
 

Other Shiva Temples : Besides the above temples there are many other shiva temples which indicate the extant of saiva culf in the region. Some of them are as below.

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Sri Paschimeswar : Situated near Bhapur in the 7th AD by the shambhu vamsi kings.

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Sri Daudeswar : Situated on the bank of river Brahmani.

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Shiva Temple of Niji Garh, Hindol : This temple is situated in the Sub Divisional head Quarter of Hindol Sub Division.

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Kapileswar Temple : This temple is situated in village Hatuari(near Badasuanlo) on the Kamakhya Nagar-Bhuban road.

Sri Budheswar : Situated  near Bhuban on the bank of river Brahmani .It is related to the mythology that Lord Kartikeya after taking holy bath in the river had the darshan of Lord Shiva.

Sri Bishwanatheswar : Situated in the village mandu khura .

Sri Kamaleswar : Situated near Kamalanga on the bank of river Brahmani.

Baisnava Temples &Holy places

           Baisnavism in different form spread in Dhenkanal in different ages. The Ramanandi Vaisnavas, the Gaudiya Vaisnavas , the Pancharattra all developed side by side in the district. There are some of the famous Vaisnava temples and holy places as bellows.

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Siddaha Balaram Temple : Siddha Balaram temple at Dhenkanal town is the pivotal figure in the domain Vaishnava cult in the district. History says that Anangabhima III brought Sri Balaram from Talmul to Bhima nagari garh in 12th -13th CAD. While he was taking the image to Puri,Sri Balaram Ordered him to give up the effort. Hence, he built Dasakamba Mandala at Chittala pur near Hindol. But with the advent of the Muslim rule the devotees kept the image at Kardabindha village. Subsequently, Sridhar Banja brought the image. Hari singh Vidhyadhara later on defeated the Bhanja King and brought the image of Balaram to Dhenkanal. He started construction of the temple in 1590 AD. The main temple is 90 feet high. Sri Raja Narasingha Bharambar and his son Kunjabihari Bharambar's period, the construction of gateway,J aga mohana, the boundary wall were completed. ie. between 1708 to 1741AD. From 1906 to 1918, Raja Surya Pratap constructed the separate Jagannadha Temple in the campus of Sri BalaRama temple. Initially the car festival was initiated from the Dadhibamana temple, but Raja Surya Pratap started car festival from Balaram Temple.

The temple compound has Baraha nath, Nrushingaha, Bamana, Bakuleswara Shiva, Sri Hanuman Sri Chaitanya,Radha Krishna, Mahalakshmi, Mangala etc. are also worshiped. The Balaram temple follows the rituals like Sri Mandir of Puri and observes auspicious days through out the year . In the sanetorium sanctum Sri Balaram is seen with Jaganath, Subahadra is the unique deity and the symbolic spiritual entity for the people of Dhenkanal.