rich cultural heritage & spiritual height Dhenkanal is
dotted with innumerable temples, maths (abbeys) dating
back to ancient times. All the branches of Brahmanism
like Saivism, Baishnavism, Shaktism , and other minor
sects have plenty of their holyplaces.
Kapilash Temple : It
is situated in the north east corner of
Dhenkanal town at a distance of 26 Km from the
district head quarters. The temples is situated
in about 2239 feet from the sea level. The temple
is 60 feet in height .There are two approaches
for the temple. One is through climbing 1352
steps and the other is ‘Barabanki’ or the travel
twisting way. Narasinghdeva-I constructed the
temple for Sri Chandrasekhar in 1246AD indicated
in the Kapilas temples inscription .In the left
side ‘Payamruta kunda’and in the right side
‘Marichi kunda’ exists. The temple has a wooden
Jagamohana. Sri Ganesh,Kartikeya,Gangadevi, etc
are found in the temple. Patita pavana Jaganath
also remain in the temple as ‘Parsva deva’. Lord
Biswanath temple is also situated in Kapilash
.According to some scholars this temple is older
than the Chandrasekahr jew temple, hence it is
known as ‘Budha linga’. There are many legends
about Kapilash pitha and its
significance.History says it was the ashram of
Kapila muni,to some scholars it is the second
Kailash of Lord Siva.Sridhar Swami who wrote
commentary on Srimad Bhagavatham stayed there. There are some monastries in the premises.Lord
chandra sekhara worshipped by the chintapatis in
Naganatheswar Temple : This
temple belongs to sri sri Naganatheswar
shiva,situated at village’Nagena’ about 20 Km
from Dhenkanal. It is the most ancient saiva
temple and was constructed during the region of
the Keshari dynasty. According to scholars Pandit
Nagendranath Mohapatras’ Naganath satakam it is
one of the 12 yotir lingas. In the stotras of the
‘Awashyotirlinga’ one of the yotirlinga is in
the Daruka-Vana or Neem forest. The neem forest
is still there in the premises.Even Harisingh
Vidyadhar who occupied the Dhenkanal fragmental
temple for the darshan of Lord Naganath. The
sloka of Dwadasha yotirlinga says that Naganath
temple is situated in the southern most part of
Anga Kingdom. It shows that some times in history
that part Kalinga touched Anga border.However,
near it there is a debri of a fort which is
still un-identified. Here river Brahmani turns to
north which is as holy as the Gangas.
Astasambhu Temple : Kualo
or Karmula was the ancient capital of Dhenkanal. Kualo is situated in north of
Dhenkanal town at a distance of 32 Km on the
right side of river Brahmani. The kingdom was
ruled by the shulki kings who hold
‘stamba’epithets. They were the feudatories of
the Bahmukar kings.Their futiler deity was Lord
Shiva. Hence we see eight siva temples at Kualo
known as ‘Ashta Sambhu’. These eight shiva
lingas are known as – Kanakeswar , swapneswar, Aisneswar, Kapileswar, Baidyanatheswar, Bane
kanakeswar : It is one of the Ashta
shambhu siva and situated near Ramachandi
Sri Annakoteswar :
Situated at Latadeipur. The significance of this
shiva-linga is that it grooms in the bright
fortnight and reduces on the dark half.
Other Shiva Temples
: Besides the above temples there are many other shiva
temples which indicate the extant of saiva culf in the region. Some of them are as below.
Sri Paschimeswar : Situated near Bhapur in the 7th AD by the
shambhu vamsi kings.
Sri Daudeswar : Situated on the bank of river Brahmani.
Shiva Temple of Niji
Garh, Hindol : This temple is situated in the Sub Divisional head Quarter
of Hindol Sub Division.
temple is situated in village Hatuari(near Badasuanlo) on the Kamakhya Nagar-Bhuban road.
Sri Budheswar :
Situated near Bhuban on the bank of river
Brahmani .It is related to the mythology that Lord Kartikeya after taking holy bath in the
river had the darshan of Lord Shiva.
: Situated in the village mandu khura .
Kamaleswar : Situated near Kamalanga on the bank of river Brahmani.
Baisnava Temples &Holy places
Baisnavism in different form
spread in Dhenkanal in different ages. The Ramanandi Vaisnavas, the Gaudiya
Vaisnavas , the Pancharattra all developed side by side in the district. There
are some of the famous Vaisnava temples and holy places as bellows.
Siddaha Balaram Temple
Balaram temple at Dhenkanal town is the pivotal figure in the domain
Vaishnava cult in the district. History says that Anangabhima III brought
Sri Balaram from Talmul to Bhima nagari garh in 12th -13th CAD. While he
was taking the image to Puri,Sri Balaram Ordered him to give up the
effort. Hence, he built Dasakamba Mandala at Chittala pur near Hindol. But
with the advent of the Muslim rule the devotees kept the image at
Kardabindha village. Subsequently, Sridhar Banja brought the image. Hari
singh Vidhyadhara later on defeated the Bhanja King and brought the
image of Balaram to Dhenkanal. He started construction of the temple in
1590 AD. The main temple is 90 feet high. Sri Raja Narasingha Bharambar
and his son Kunjabihari Bharambar's period, the construction of gateway,J aga mohana, the boundary wall were completed. ie. between 1708 to
1741AD. From 1906 to 1918, Raja Surya Pratap constructed the separate
Jagannadha Temple in the campus of Sri BalaRama temple. Initially the car
festival was initiated from the Dadhibamana temple, but Raja Surya
Pratap started car festival from Balaram Temple.
The temple compound has Baraha
nath, Nrushingaha, Bamana, Bakuleswara Shiva, Sri Hanuman Sri
Chaitanya,Radha Krishna, Mahalakshmi, Mangala etc. are also worshiped. The
Balaram temple follows the rituals like Sri Mandir of Puri and observes
auspicious days through out the year . In the sanetorium sanctum Sri
Balaram is seen with Jaganath, Subahadra is the unique deity and the
symbolic spiritual entity for the people of Dhenkanal.